Music training strengthens child’s brain

Refer to the article today The Sun, published that, three studies presented at the recent meeting of the society for Neuroscience in San Diego, California, found that learning to play music can enhance a young persons ability to processes information.

They said, playing musical instrument can cause fundamental changes in a child’s brain and could improve the brains functioning far into adulthood.

In addition, music training can effect children’s brain if they began prior to the age of seven and it can enhance connectivity between region of the brains associated with creativity.

According to the interview by The Sun, “music must provide an alternative access into a broken or dysfunctional system within the brain,” said Gottfried Schlaug, director of the music and Neuroimaging Laboratory at Harvard Medical School, at the conference.

“It changes the brain and these brain changes could lead to cognitive advances as well,” Wang Yun-xin of Beijing Normal University, head researcher of one of the studies told The Guardian.

In that study, researcher took brain scans of 48 Chinese adults aged between 19 and 21, who had a year of music training as children.

The team found that brain regions related of hearing and self-awareness were larger in those who had begun their musical training before age seven.

They conclude the study with another study, Swedish researcher performed MRI scans of 39 pianist as they played a 12 key piano keyboard. Piano players showed more connectivity between three major regions of the brain’s frontal lobe when they improvised music, said lead autgor Ana Pinho of Stocjholm’s Karolinska Institute.

Danger of Mosquitoes in Chennai

According to today health news in The Hindu newspaper at Chennai, highlight about the danger of mosquitoes everywhere in Chennai.

Based on the researcher,said, these mosquitoes were found in abundance in several parts of north Chennai, including Korukkupet, Washermenpet, Otteri, Mint, Pulianthope, Vyasarpadi, Pattalam, Tondiarpet and Kasimedu.

He added, that there are  mosquitoes breed in septic tanks and in piles of sewage. At some places, rain water that has stagnated for more than 10 days could end up mixing with overflowing sewage. Such pools could turn into breeding sources leading to more of these mosquitoes coming up.

The entomology wing of IPHA (TN)- a professional association for public health specialists and workforce- took samples of mosquito species found across the city over a period of two and-a-half months ending November 15. An analysis of the samples reveals a high prevalence of Armigeres mosquitoes, which do not transmit diseases but are a nuisance, said S.Elango president of the chapter.

Some mosquitoes are vectors for diseases. This means they can transmit diseases from one human or animal to another. Typically, the diseases are caused by viruses or tiny parasites. For example, a mosquito that bites an infected human or animal can pick up a virus along with the blood meal. The mosquito and virus do not harm one another but the virus reproduces inside the mosquito. Later, the mosquito can pass the viruses to other humans when biting them.

Some of these disease where can spread by mosquitoes are West Nile Virus, Malaria, Dengue Fever, Dog Heartworm, and other disease transmitted by mosquitoes. So here they advice, to be clean all the time living place specially after raining, close water tank inside washroom and always clean if there are garden in front house to avoid affects by the disease spread by mosquitoes.

Aggressive breast cancer surgery was the right choice !!

“ABC News” and “Good Morning America” correspondent Amy Robach, currently recovering from aggressive breast cancer surgery, is feeling extremely fortunate to have discovered the disease early. The 40-year-old agreed to undergo the first televised mammogram on Oct. 30 to raise awareness about testing; only to find that she had tested positive for breast cancer.

Robach’s decided to treat the cancer with an aggressive bilateral mastectomy; saying that only surgery would truly give doctors an idea of its severity. In an update to her ABC colleagues, she revealed why that move turned out to be the right one.

According to her, her prognosis is good, she got very lucky finding the cancer through our ABC sponsored mammogram and she got lucky choosing an aggressive approach, bilateral mastectomy, because while in surgery last week found a second, undetected malignant tumor. Only through the mastectomy that she discovered it. She added, cancer had spread to her sentinel lymph node, but not beyond, so she will have more treatments ahead her.

According to the interview, she said, “physically and emotionally I have been through the ringer, but I am emerging on the other side so much stronger”. “I have a greater appreciation for life, for health and for how such simple acts of kindness can be so incredibly powerful. I am looking through a different lens now and I am thankful for that as well.

The importance of breakfast

Your brain is constantly developing, in your sleep it processes your memories and creates paths to information. While you are awake it absorbs everything around you, through all of your senses, and emotions. How do we keep our brain energized and functioning at the highest potential?

As a child your brain needs constant level of nutrients to grow and develop properly. There are proven negative side effects to skipping breakfast as a child and as an adult. First of all there is a reason it is called breakfast.

Refill the nutrients it did not receive while you were sleeping .After sleeping and your brain complete proper maintenance you need to break –fast. You do not eat while you are sleeping therefore you are fasting, break that fast and reenergize your brain.You will be more efficient in everything you do therefore getting you further ahead in your day to day routine. If you are skipping breakfast to skip the calories you are doing yourself an injustice.

Obesity is linked, strongly, to skipping breakfast. The intake of regular food is also needed for the regularity of metabolism. By skipping breakfast your body gets in a bad habit of storing calories since the routine of breaking fast has been interrupted. So when you skip breakfast your weight loss is actually hindered.

If you eat a good breakfast every morning you give your body a jump start. Metabolism starts moving and your energy is increased. And even skipping breakfast your metabolism slows down so that you are not experiencing hunger pains until lunch and to distribute the stored nutrients more equally. So, taking breakfast in the morning do not skip and do not lazy to eat !

Sperm test for infertile men could reduce surgery

Recently the scientist have developed a non-invasive test that can predict whether men with zero sperm counts are capable of fathering children through IVF.

The research do for to find out if a man has viable sperm that can be retrieved for fertility treatment.

According to the UK fertility expert said the test, which will take at least a year to bring to the clinic, was “encouraging”.

Thus, men who produce no sperm can sometimes be helped to father a biological child through fertility treatment if they have normal sperm that can be extracted surgically.

Others will never be able to father a child naturally and need to use donor sperm. But its been change with current technology, the only way to find out if a man has viable sperm is to carry out surgery to look for sperm in the testes.

The new test, developed by scientists in Canada, has identified two biomarkers in sperm, which can be used to predict whether sperm retrieval will be successful.

Based on the statement by Dr Allan Pacey, senior lecturer in andrology at the University of Sheffield and chairman of the British Fertility Society, said the diagnosis of male infertility was tricky and it was hard to determine whether a man was producing sperm or not. The conventional method was to first examine semen under a microscope to see if sperm was there, he said.

If no sperm was seen, the next step was to take tissue from a man’s testicle and examine it with a microscope.

“It could help men make better decisions, avoid unnecessary surgical procedures and potentially help save money by not having to do surgical procedures that aren’t needed.

Steroid injection may increased child’s mental health risks

Mothers who are expected to give birth prematurely are often given an infusion of glucocorticoids, which mimic the natural hormone cortisol. This treatment is vital for helping the baby’s lungs mature, but the new research suggests it may also increase the risk of mental health problems including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is the most common behavioural disorder in young people.

There has been some concern that exposure to high levels of glucocorticoids in the womb might have harmful long-term effects on brain development. Scientists have previously established a link between stress in pregnancy and symptoms of ADHD in children. As cortisol is produced as a response to stress, it has been suggested that cortisol may be responsible for this link.

The children who had the treatment had poorer scores on general mental health at ages eight and 16, and were more likely to show symptoms of ADHD.

Cortisol is produced in the fetus in the late stages of pregnancy to help the lungs develop, preparing the baby for life outside the womb. Lung problems are common in premature babies, and can cause life-threatening breathing difficulties. Synthetic glucocorticoids, which replicate the effects of natural cortisol, are given in anticipation of preterm birth to reduce the risk of these problems.

The researchers studied 37 children who were exposed to synthetic glucocorticoids before birth and compared them to 185 children who were born at the same gestational age but did not have glucocorticoid treatment. A much larger comparison group of 6079 children, matched carefully on pregnancy and infant characteristics, was also examined to confirm the findings.

Dengue fever is global phenomenon

Dengue fever is an infection spread by mosquitoes which causes a severe flu-like illness, and can lead to a potentially lethal complication called Dengue haemorrhagic fever.

Outbreaks of Dengue fever become far more common in recent decades and according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) as many as two fifths of the world’s population are now at risk and Dengue fever has now become a major international public health concern, comparable to that of malaria.

Experts suggest that as many as 2.5 billion people are now at risk from dengue and the WHO currently estimates there may be 50 million dengue infections worldwide every year – the disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the eastern Mediterranean, south-east Asia and the western Pacific – before 1970 only nine countries had experienced Dengue haemorrhagic fever epidemics, a number that had increased more than four-fold by 1995.

In 2007 alone, there were more than 890,000 reported cases of Dengue in the Americas, of which 26,000 cases were Dengue haemorrhagic fever but south-east Asia and the western Pacific are the most seriously affected.

The evidence suggests that Dengue fever has been around on three continents for more than 200 years but during most of this time it was considered a mild, nonfatal disease of visitors to the tropics.

People living in a Dengue-endemic areas can have more than one Dengue infection during their lifetime and experts believe that sequential infection increases the risk of developing Dengue haemorrhagic fever.